Setting up your Fish Tank


Setting up your fish tank

Our guide below will help you to set up your fish tank step by step.  Once your fish tank is up and running we recommend that you wait 3 days before introducing any fish to allow the water and filtration system to settle.  


How do I set up my tank?

Visit our fish Products section for everything you will need to set up your tank


Tank and Water Maintenance

Changing the water - you will need to change the water in your tank about every 2 weeks but only 15 – 20% needs to be replaced.  

Cleaning filters – filter inserts (floss etc) should be cleaned or changed at least every 4 weeks.  

Vacuum the gravel – your gravel will collect debris from the fish waste, uneaten food and plants so you will need to vacuum it on a regular basis to stop these deposits building up and poisoning the fish.

Remove algae – algae will build up on the sides of your tank and this can easily be removed by scraping the walls of your tank when changing the water.  There are a variety of tools available to help you do this.  

View our fish Products section for maintenance and cleaning equipment


Cycling your tank

Once you have your fish tank set up you need to start the Nitrogen cycle going in the tank.  All new tanks need to establish a cycle to be able to provide a healthy living environment for the fish.  

What is the Nitrogen cycle?

Fish excrete Ammonia into the water and this is toxic.  Nitrifying bacteria need to build up in the tank to convert the Ammonia into Nitrite (which is also toxic to fish). As different sorts of bacteria begin to grow in the tank the Nitrite is then converted to more harmless Nitrates.  

Fishless Cycling

We recommend Fishless Cycling which is done with the aid of products that help you to start the Nitrogen cycle without adding fish:  

Visit our fish Products section for a range of water treatments and conditioners

Hardy fish 

Once your tank has stabilised you can start building your community of fish gradually, adding a few at a time.  This way the bacteria in the tank can adjust to the changes and the balance is not upset or overloaded.  There are a few hardy fish which we can recommend to start off with that will tolerate higher amounts of toxins in the tank such as Danios and Mollies.  Our staff will be able to give you accurate advice tailored to your needs in store.

View our Types of Fish section to learn more


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