Feeding your Dog

There are no products matching the selection.

Feeding your Dog

  Choosingthe right food for your dog What breed is your dog? Whatage is your dog? Does your dog have health / medical issues? Dangerous foods Choosing the right food for your dog Your dog will need a healthy and balanced diet to keephim well and happy.  How and what youfeed your dog depends on three important factors:  1. the type of breed, 2. how old your dog isand 3.  whether your dog has a medicalcondition. Theykey nutrients your dog should get from his food are: Proteins – for healthymuscles, skin and coat, as well as the immune system (beef, lamb, chicken, eggand fish)   Carbohydrates – for energy and fibrewhich helps digestion (barley, sugar beet pulp, rice bran, maize and sorghum Fatsand Oils – for energy and healthy skin and coat (animal fat, fish oils, essential fatty acidsomega-3 and omega-6, linseed oil, sunflower oil, vegetable oil, corn oil andfish meal) Minerals – for strong teethand bones and (calcium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, iron, sodium, chloride,magnesium and potassium) Vitamins – for healthy skin and coat, to maintain growth and normalvision (Vitamins A, B, C, D3, E, K) Water - the most essential nutrient of all andyou should always make sure your dog has clean, fresh drinking water at alltimes We recommend that you feed your dog a diet of only dry dog food, unless they refuse to eat it, in which case, try wet food.  If you are changing brand or type of dog food, introduce it slowly, mixed with the food they are used to, and phase out the old with the new. Visit our Dog Products section for a wide variety of dog foods Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation Thetable below is a general guide on how much to feed your dog.   Age of Dog Amount of Food Puppy:  Weaning – 2 months 4 – 6 meals a day Puppy:   2 – 3 months 4 meals a day Puppy:  4 – 6 months 2 – 3 meals a day Puppy:  Over 6 months 2 meals a day – depending on breed Adult 2 meals a day depending on breed Senior 2 small meals a day – can be increased if necessary   BackTo Top Whatbreed is your dog? Size and shape Dogsvary greatly in size and shape with vastly different characters and nutritionalneeds.  Breeds can be classed as Small(including Toy breeds), Medium, Large or Giant, depending onyour dog’s weight and height.  BasicallySmall breeds range from 2.5 – 10kg, Medium breeds from 11 – 25kg and Largebreeds from 26 –45kg and Giant breeds from over 45kg.    Smalldogs need nearly twice as much energy for their size as large breeds.   A little Pomeranian needs to eat twice asmany calories per pound of weight every day than a Great Dane!  Active and Working Dog breeds often need morecalories and a dog with a heavy work load will require an extra 50%.  If your dog spends most of their timeoutside, they will also need more calories as the temperature gets lower. Breed specific dog foods Somepet food companies have designed dog foods for different breeds targeting theirspecific needs and problems. For example, dogs who have shortened snouts, likePugs, Boxers, Pekinese and Shih Tzu’s find it difficult to pick up kibbles or dog biscuits, so foods have beenspecially developed for them. Specialised foods for dogs such as Daschunds have added supplements ofcalcium and phosphorus to support their bones and joints.  Foods that have been customised specificallyfor a breed can aid a number of ailments from digestive problems, like bloat inRotweilers, to heart conditions and bone disease in German Shepherds. Visit our Dog Products section for a large choice of breed specific dog foods Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. Is your dog a small breed? TheCavalier King Charles Spaniel, Chihuahua and Yorkshire Terrier are allclassified as small breeds of dog.  Theytend to have a fast metabolism and need foods that are high in protein, rich infats and carbohydrates, to give them that extra energy boost. Foodsshould also come in smaller kibble sizes to suit smaller mouths as well as toencourage chewing and improve digestion. Visit our Dog Products secrion for our range of dog foods for small and toy breeds . Is your dog a medium or large breed? Medium and Large breeds ofdog can range from the Golden Retriever to the Old English Sheepdog.  The bigger the dog the bigger theappetite!   Large dogs also have a tendencyto bolt their food down without chewing properly and to put on weight so it isimportant that they are fed a dietthat has reduced fat, concentrated protein and large sized kibbles to encouragethem to chew for longer. Up to 40% of large dogs develop joint problems and dogfoods have been designed with supplements to help promote healthy joints andmobility. Visit our Dog Products section for our range of dog foods for medium amd large breeds Is your dog a giant breed? Giant breed dogs include the Great Dane, Mastiff and Irish Wolfhound.  These dogs have slower metabolisms than their smaller cousins, so they require fewer calories and less fat from their food.  Giant dogs are prone to weight gain and this can put a strain on their joints and vital organs. Some giant dogs are particularly susceptible to bloat - which can be fatal – and Aerophagia (swallowing too much air).  Great Danes can suffer from a serious condition called Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) which is partially caused by too much food in the stomach, so a very high calorie diet has been designed to reduce the volume the dog needs to eat.  Breed specific dog foods for Giant breeds also have larger sized kibbles to satisfy their appetites and discourage them from devouring their food too quickly. Giant breed dog foods are available that have been designed to develop and support their large, strong skeletal frame and powerful joints as well as keep them trim. Visit our Dog Products section for our range of dog foods for giant breeds Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. BackTo Top What age is your dog? The 3 stages of life: Puppy, Adult and Senior Your dogs age affectswhat food you need to select for them. Puppies burn three times more calories a day than adult dogs and needfoods to give them a healthy start that will last a lifetime.  Puppy foods contain nutrients to help themdevelop their immune systems, bones and muscles.  Adult dogs require foods to help them stay ingood condition and as dogs reachtheir later years, maintaining healthy weight, joints and digestion all becomeimportant issues. Senior dogs need fewer calories in their diets as they are not asenergetic but they do need easily digestible protein to stay healthy and happy. Many breeds of dog also age at different rates.  Small breeds tend to live longer but agefaster; Large breeds have shorter life spans but matureslowly.  Belowis a table showing their growth phases. Visit our Dog Products section for our range of age sepcific dog foods Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. Breed / Size Puppy Adult Senior Toy / Small 2 – 10 months 10 months – 8 years 8 years – 12+ years Medium 2 months – 1 year 1 – 7 years 7 years+ Large / Giant 2 – 8 months 2 – 5 years 5 years+ What should I feed my puppy? (6/8 weeks – 1 year) Youshouldnt feed Puppies adult dog food as they need special food to help themgrow and develop.  Puppiesare also prone to tummy upsets and puppy foods are designed to provide a gooddiet that doesnt give them diarrhea. Puppyfoods are made with little kibbles so that they are easier for puppies to eat. Visit our Dog Products section for our range of dog foods for puppies Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. What should I feed my adult dog? (1 - 7 years) Adultdogs need to be fed a balanced diet to stay in good condition.  To stay healthy they need the right balanceof proteins, fats and oils, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates and water and agood adult dog food will contain all of these. Yourdog will soon decide whether they prefer wet or dry food or a combination ofthe two but dont forget that different breeds of dogs may need differentamounts of food to stay in shape. Visit our Dog Products section for our range of dog foods for adult dogs Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. What shouldI feed my senior dog? (over 7 years) Seniordogs need a diet that will keep them active and healthy throughout their lateryears and the usual adult dog foods dont contain the nutrients they need.  Its best to choose a dog food made especiallyfor older dogs to keep them well and happy. Olderdogs need fewer calories as they are not as energetic as they used to be.Senior dog foods are made to be easily digestible and contain minerals tosupport ageing joints as well as fatty acids to prevent dry skin. They alsohave smaller kibbles which are easier to chew, especially if your dog is losingits teeth. Visit our Dog Products section for our range of dog foods for giant breeds Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. BackTo Top Does your dog have medical / health issues? Does your dog have allergies? Manydogs suffer from food intolerance, loose digestion and skin irritations whichcan make their lives a misery and are distressing for their owners.  About 10% of all allergies in dogs arerelated to food and it is usually the protein source of a food which is toblame for an allergy.   Common allergies insensitive dogs are caused by beef, dairy products, chicken, wheat, chickeneggs, corn and soy.  You can help relieveyour dogs symptoms by choosing hypo-allergenic foods for Sensitive dogswhich are made without these irritants and dont contain artificial colours, flavours or preservatives. If you suspect your dog has developed an allergy call Vet Clinic atPetstop for a consultation.   Visit our Dog Products section for our range of dog foods for sensitive dogs Is your dog overweight? Obesityin dogs is on the increase with a third of dogs in the UK being classed asoverweight.  Large breeds and older, lessactive dogs are particularly prone to piling on the pounds, with overweightdogs more likely to develop diabetes, heart and respiratory problems andarthritis.  Ifyour dog becomes overweight its best to consult your vet and there are Lightdog foods available which can also help. These are lower in fat but contain allthe vitamins and minerals your dog needs, so you can reduce the amount ofcalories without cutting down on portion size or nutrients. Cutdown on treats and tit bits as givingany extras in addition to your dogs food ration will spoil what you are tryingto achieve in dieting your dog.  Increaseyour dogs exercise slowly to help burn off the calories and split your dogsfood into at least 2 smaller meals a day to increase their metabolism. If you are concerned your dog is overweight call Vet Clinic at Petstop for aconsultation.   Is your bitch pregnant? Good,balanced nutrition is vital during pregnancy as all pregnant and nursingbitches need an extra boost of protein and energy to help them.  A bitch will need extra nutrients starting asearly as the 6th week of gestation. Nursing leads to an even greater demand onintakes due to the quantities of nutrient-rich milk needed to feed the puppies. Adult dog food simply won’t provide all the nutrientsrequired and only a specific diet will allow her to meet all of her needs.  Some specialist dog food manufacturers makeformulated diets designed with pregnancy in mind and thisshould be fed until the puppies have been weaned. If you need advice on feeding your pregnant bitch call Vet Clinic at Petstop for aconsultation.   Does your dog have a medical condition? If your dog has a medical condition such as diabetes,liver, heart, bladder or kidney problems you should seek veterinary adviceabout prescription diets available for your dog. Pet foods bought in shops arenot suitable for dogs with such conditions. If you are concerned about your dogs medical health call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation.   BackTo Top Dangerous foods Some everyday foods in your home can be toxic or fatal to your dog when eaten. Here is a list to help you keep your pet safe. Onions – can cause a form of anemia that leads to the destruction of red blood cells. Chives and garlic are also dangerous foods for dogs. Chocolate – chocolate is toxic to dogs.  Baking chocolate and cocoa are also dangerous foods for dogs. Coffee and Tea – caffine is toxic to dogs. Xylitol - xylitol is a sugar-free sweetener most often found in chewing gum and sweets. It is toxic to dogs and can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and severe liver damage. Raisins and Grapes - Grapes and Raisins can cause irreversible damage to the kidneys and can be fatal. Macadamia nuts - can cause your dog to experience severe illness. Alcohol  - alcohol is toxic to dogs. Fruit and seeds - Apple seeds, cherry pits, peach pits, and plum pits contain the toxin cyanide which is poisonous. Avocados contain Persin, which can cause vomiting and diarrhoea in dogs.  Small poultry bones (chicken etc.) – splinter easily and are a choking hazard Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. this can put a strain on their joints and vital organs. Some giant dogs are particularly susceptible to bloat - which can be fatal – and Aerophagia (swallowing too much air).  Great Danes can suffer from a serious condition called Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) which is partially caused by too much food in the stomach, so a very high calorie diet has been designed to reduce the volume the dog needs to eat.  Breed specific dog foods for Giant breeds also have larger sized kibbles to satisfy their appetites and discourage them from devouring their food too quickly. Giant breed dog foods are available that have been designed to develop and support their large, strong skeletal frame and powerful joints as well as keep them trim.    Visit our Dog Products section for our range of dog foods for giant breeds Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. BackTo Top