Keeping your rat healthy

There are no products matching the selection.

Keeping your rat healthy

General health care Common health problems General health care You can tell if your rat is feeling poorly by their behaviour.  If you notice a change in their behaviour or if they are not eating and drinking this could be a sign that they are ill.  Teeth - Rats do not have dental problems very often but their teeth should be checked to make sure they are not over grown or uneven.  Your rat will keep their teeth trim by gnawing and chewing so make sure you provide gnawing toys to help wear their teeth down.  If your rat does suffer from overgrown teeth make an appointment with your vet to have their teeth trimmed. Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. Nose - Your rats nose shouldnt be crusty or runny.  Rats can catch colds very easily so a runny nose could be a sign of a cold or respiratory infection. If you are concerned that your rat is not recovering from their cold should contact your vet. Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. Eyes - Your rats eyes should be bright and clear, with no signs of runniness, redness, swelling or soreness.  Some rats can develop eye infections caused by dust and bedding that they kick about in their cage.  Eye gels are available to help treat this problem and you should contact your vet for anti-inflammatory and antibiotic treatments. Check that your rats do not have any red staining around the eyes.  This is known as Chromodacryorrhoea and is produced when rats get stressed or ill. Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. Claws - Rats’ claws can become over grown.  Long claws can impede your rat’s movement, cause pain and risk getting caught or pulled out.  If you are worried about your rats claws being too long contact your vet to have them trimmed. Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. Skin and coat - Loss of fur, inflamed skin or flakiness can be caused by allergies or mites. It is important to seek your vets advice to rule out other illnesses in case there is an underlying cause for your rats poor skin and coat condition. Rats can occasionally suffer from mites.  Signs of mites are scratching, brown matter in the ears, bald patches on the coat and irritated broken skin.   Our qualified staff at Petstop are licensed to sell a full range of anti-parasitic treatments, which you would normally find at your veterinary clinic. Hairless patches on your rat can be an indication of over-grooming, which is a sign of boredom so ensure your rat has plenty of toys to keep them occupied. If you have rats living in pairs or groups and their skin and coat are in bad condition you should check them all over for any signs of injury caused by fighting or aggressive behaviour.  Small bites should heal well but more serious injuries will require a vet’s assistance. Visit our Rat Products section for a selection of Treatments for Mites Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. BackTo Top Common health problems Diarrhea - Diarrhea can result from a number of infections or from changes in diet like eating too much of foods that are high in water, such as fruit and vegetables. Rats with diarrhea can quickly become dehydrated, so it’s important that they drink plenty of water. Stop feeding fresh foods, and don’t offer them again until the droppings are back to normal. If your rats diarrhea does not stop quickly or the conditions get worse you should contact your vet for treatment. Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. Bumblefoot – (pododermatitis).   Bumblefoot is a bacterial infection which can affect rats. It is often caused by rats walking on wire surfaces, which leads to inflammation on the underside of your rat’s feet, soreness, pain and broken skin. Symptoms are difficulty in walking, cries of pain, swollen feet and sores.  To avoid bumblefoot, remove the wire-mesh bottom from the pet’s cage. If your rat has bumblefoot you should contact your vet for treatment. Call Vet Clinic at Petstop Tyzzers Disease – a nasty disease that causes the infection Clostridium piliforme, which can be fatal.  Symptoms include watery diarrhea, loss of appetite, dehydration, hunched posture due to abdominal pain, coat in poor condition and depression.  It is spread when rats eat contaminated food or water.  If you think your gerbil has Tyzzers Disease contact your vet immediately. Call Vet Clinic at Petstop for a consultation. Heat stroke -   Rats are sensitive to extremes of hot and cold temperatures and can develop heat stroke as they can not sweat like humans.  Rats regulate their temperature mainly through their tails so the tail-less variety of rat is particularly vulnerable in hot weather.  The ideal temperature for your pet rat should be between 19 – 23ºC.   In hot summers you can place a   granite cooling tile in your rat cage for them to rest on.  Granite naturally maintains a temperature below that of the room and will help your rat feel nice and cool.   Symptoms of heatstroke are lying on their backs with their feet off the ground (rats can lose heat through their feet so by doing this they are trying to cool down), their tails feel warm to the touch (rats also lose heat through their tails), drooling, lethargy and unconsciousness.  If you think your rat has heatstroke slowly immerse their body in cold water and take them to the vet immediately. Call Vet Clinic at Petstop BackTo Top